Thursday, July 3, 2008

Custom Antibody Synthesis

For over 20 years, BioSynthesis has provided custom antibody production services worldwide, including researcher at university, biotechnology and pharmaceutical institutions. We offer comprehensive services for polyclonal antibody production with large selection fo host animals. Each of our facilities is operated under USDA license and hold an NIH Animal Welfare Assurance from the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare.

Custom Antibody Synthesis
The specific suppressing activity of passively administered antibody on 7S antibody synthesis against sheep and chicken red blood cells has been investigated at the cellular level using the indirect hemolytic agar-plaque technique. 7S antibody production was found to be sensitive to antibody-induced suppression. No inhibitory effect of transferred antibody was seen until 48 to 72 hr after administration. This indicates that the action of antibody is not by direct suppression of synthesis of already committed cells but rather by removal from the system of the stimulus for maintenance of 7S synthesis.

Antigen Processing
When the macrophage eats bacteria, proteins (antigens) from the bacteria are broken down into short peptide chains and those peptides are then "displayed" on the macrophage surface attached to special molecules called MHC II (for Major Histocompatibility Complex Class II). Bacterial peptides are similarly processed and displayed on MHC II molecules on the surface of B lymphocytes.

Antibody Production
The stimulated B cell undergoes repeated cell divisions, enlargement and differentiation to form a clone of antibody secreting plasma cells. Hence. through specific antigen recognition of the invader, clonal expansion and B cell differentiation you acquire an effective number of plasma cells all secreting the same needed antibody. That antibody then binds to the bacteria making them easier to ingest by white cells. Antibody combined with a plasma component called "complement" may also kill the bacteria directly.

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